A recent Tenth Circuit decision sends a strong message that the court takes seriously the jurisdictional prerequisite that plaintiffs exhaust their administrative remedies in a Title VII claim prior to taking a claim to court. The process to do so is well-known — before an employee can file a lawsuit alleging discrimination against his or her employer, he or she must file a charge with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”). Requiring individuals to exhaust their administrative remedies prior to filing a lawsuit serves, hopefully, to eliminate facially meritless charges, facilitate internal resolution, and help avoid litigation. This is often the case, as many charges filed with the EEOC never end up on a court’s docket. But what happens if the parties are already enmeshed in litigation and the plaintiff claims that the defendant’s conduct during the course of that litigation is retaliatory? Can the plaintiff amend his or her complaint to include that allegation? Or must he or she go back to the EEOC and file a charge for that claim? In McDonald-Cuba v. Santa Fe Protective Services, Inc., the Tenth Circuit held that the latter is true. No. 10-2151 (10th Cir. May 9, 2011). The Fourth came down the other way in a similar case.